Sukhova Olga Aleksandrovna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, deputy head of sub-department of Russian history, local history and history teaching methods, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. In search of the exit from the state of methodological crisis the modern social sciences refer to the use of the micro-historical approaches and the in terdisciplinary synthesis. The most relevant direction of research is to study every-day life. The aim of the wok is to study the phenomenon of high cost as a factor in transformation of the everyday reality in the First World War.
Materials and methods. Implementation of the research tasks was achieved through the use of documents from the stock of the Central State Archive of Samara region, the State Archive of Ulyanovsk region, the State Archive of Penza region, as well as through the analysis of historiographical sources on the issue of studying the phenomenon of everyday life. The methodological potential includes the basic prin-ciples of scientific knowledge – historicism and objectivity, hermeneutics as a me-thod of interpreting a text, micro-historical approaches and methods of local history.
Results. The article investigated the steps of formation of a domain theory of everyday life. The specificity of definition of “everyday life” was defined. The author analyzed the main types of sources of the everyday life history. He proved the effec-tiveness of the methods of local history and the theory of mentality to solve the re-search problems. The features of formation of the phenomenon of “high cost” and how it impacts the radicalization of mass attitudes in the era of the First World War were considered.
Conclusions. The results of the research in the field of methodology of every day life show a wide range of applications of the micro-historical approaches to the study of the phenomenon of “high cost” as a factor of transformation of everyday life in the era of the First World War. Desintegration of social relations was consi-dered by mass consciousness as the inevitable approach of the every day life reality collapse. “Horrible burdeness” of “high cost” defines one of the most common and the strongest mass experiences in the World War I era.
First World War, history of everyday life, food question, crisis of the system of consumption, high cost, pogrom mood.
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